RESEARCH & VIDEOS

Research studies and videos that support athletic recovery, treatment of depressive disorders, therapeutic relief for patients with multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular health issues and Type II Diabetes.

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WHOLE BODY CRYOTHERAPY RESEARCH

Improvement of Motor Skills
Motor activities and physical efficiency: Research by Łuczak, carried out on a large group of athletes (300 people), was meant to find an optimal operating temperature during the whole-body cryostimulation for the improvement of motor skills. The effects of exposure were compared between two 10 minute whole-body cryostimulations (at -100°C, -130°C and -160°C) and physical efficiency, based on an assessment of agility, balance, speed and dynamic strength of abdominal muscles.The analysis of the results showed no effect of cryostimulation on the level of agility. Balance improved significantly in groups exposed to temperatures below -100°C, while no significant effects were observed for -100°C. Parameters evaluating speed and dynamic strength of abdominal muscles improved most after the application of -100°C. It was proposed that whole body cryotherapy exerts positive effects on human motor characteristics, although the lowest cryogenic temperatures should be used in only specific cases [Łuczak et al. 2006]. Subsequent studies showed that a series of 20 stimulations with an average temperature -130°C performed on martial arts competitors, resulted in an extended duration of exercise and lower subjective feeling of fatigue at increasing mean speed and angle of treadmill inclination during an exercise according to the Bruce protocol [Hagner et al. 2009]. A recent study on the effects of whole-body cryostimulation on aerobic and anaerobic capacities showed that three 10 minute sessions (average temperature -130°C) increased maximal anaerobic power in males but not in females, and did not influence aerobic capacity in either gender [Klimek et al. 2011]. There are also reports of improved exercise tolerance, expressed by a lower level of lactates, heart rate and increased threshold capacity during a rowing ergometer test by Olympic team athletes (rowers) after 23 cryostimulation sessions (3-minutes at a temperature of -150°C, 2 x day) [Chwalbińska- Moneta 2003].

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Effects of Cryotherapy on a total antioxidative status & activities of antioxidative enzymes in blood of depressive multiple sclerosis patients
Abstract Objectives. Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In MS patients depression is often observed. Cryotherapy might have an effect on OS. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of whole body cryotherapy (WBCT) on changes in total antioxidative status (TAS) of plasma and activities of antioxidative enzymes in erythrocytes from depressive and non-depressive MS patients. Methods. Twenty-two MS patients with secondary progressive disease course (12 depressive and 10 non-depressive) were treated with 10 exposures in a cryochamber. Before and after WBCT the plasma TAS and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in the erythrocytes were measured. Results. The level of TAS in depressive MS group was significantly lower than in non-depressive MS (P < 0.0003). WBCT increased the level of TAS in depressive (P< 0.002) more than in non-depressive MS patients (P <0.01). WBCT treatment of MS patients resulted in the significant increase of TAS level in plasma but had no effects on activities of SOD and CAT. Conclusions. Our results indicate that WBCT suppresses OS in MS patients, especially in depressive patients.

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Cryotherapy in osteoporosis

Cryotherapy is use of temperature lower than -100 degrees C onto body surface, for 2-3 minutes, in aim to cause physiological reactions for cold and to use such adapting reactions. Organism’s positive response to cryotherapy supports treatment of basic disease and facilitates kinesitherapy. Low temperature may be obtained by use of air flow cooled with liquid nitrogen; this could be applied either locally, over chosen part of the body, or generally, over the whole body, in cryosauna or in cryochamber. The most efficiently is applying cryotherapy twice a day, with at least 3 hours interval. Kinesitherapy is necessarily used after each cryotherapy session. Whole treatment takes 2 to 6 weeks, depending on patient’s needs. Cryotherapy reduces pain and swellings, causes skeletal muscles relaxation and increase of their force, also, motion range in treated joints increases. Thus, cryotherapy seems to fulfill all necessary conditions for rehabilitation in osteoporosis. Cryotherapy represents numerous advantages: it takes short time for applying, being well tolerated by patient, also patient’s status improves quickly. In addition, contraindications against cryotherapy are rare. All this makes cryotherapy a method for a broad use in prophylactics and treatment of osteoporosis.

Authors: K Ksiezopolska-Pietrzak

Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego. 01/11/1998; 5(28):222-4. ISSN: 1426-9686

ARTICLES AND TESTIMONIALS ABOUT WHOLE BODY CRYOTHERAPY

CRYOTHERAPY IN THE MEDIA

MANY ATHLETES AND WELL-KNOWN CELEBRITIES USE WHOLE BODY CRYOTHERAPY TO ENHANCE THEIR CAREERS.

  • Many MLB, NFL and NBA players use whole body cryotherapy to improve their athletic performance. During the 2012 London Olympics, the world’s fastest man, Usain Bolt, used a mobile Cryosauna for relief from a back injury.
  • Maria Menounos and Katherine Jenkins used whole body cryotherapy during their stint on the popular TV show “Dancing with the Stars” contestants to increase recovery sustained from dancing-related injuries.
  • It was reported that actor Daniel Craig used whole body cryotherapy to prepare for and maintain his physique for his role in the James Bond film “Spectre”. 
  • Olympic medalists Galen Rupp and Mo Farah used whole body cryotherapy while training at Nike’s Oregon training facility.
  • Dr. Mehmet Oz, a respected cardiologist, has endorsed whole body cryotherapy.

INFRARED SAUNA IN THE MEDIA

INFRARED SAUNA RESEARCH

The super detoxifying power of Infrared Sauna

Abstract The modern world is full of environmental toxins. It is estimated that there are over 80,000 toxic chemicals used regularly in the US. There are over 500 chemicals stored in our body, and the average individual has at least seven pesticides tested in their urine. It is imperative to have a daily detoxification lifestyle to get these unwanted toxins out of our system. Infrared sauna technology is an advanced detoxification strategy with remarkable health results.

The major detoxification organs in the body include the liver, kidneys, skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, and urinary tract. The major eliminatory processes include respiration, urination, defecation, and perspiration. Due to the amount of toxins in our 21st-century society, health is absolutely dependent upon optimal eliminatory channels. Infrared saunas help the body to maximize toxic elimination through perspiratory channels.

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Are Infrared Sauna’s healthy?

Abstract Several studies cited showing evidence to support the use of infrared saunas for high blood pressure, congestive heart failure and chronic pain.

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Do the health claims for Infrared Sauna hold up?

Abstract Infrared saunas are a type of sauna that uses heat and light to help relax and detoxify the body. Also called far-infrared saunas or near-infrared saunas, these omit infrared light waves that create heat in the body, causing you to sweat and release stored “toxins.”

While ongoing research is still being done to determine their long-term effects and potential benefits, as of now infrared sauna treatments seem to be safe, inexpensive and powerful. These small devices are proving to help many people suffering from pain feel better — and also very importantly, more relaxed!

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Dr. Michelle Olson’s full spectrum infrared sauna & stretch study

Dr. Michelle Olson’s study (Michele Olson, PhD, a principal researcher at the Auburn University Montgomery Kinesiology Laboratory); concluded that stretching in full spectrum infrared saunas led to a 205% improvement in flexibility.  Furthermore, it was noted that the more deeply penetrated the heat, the better one’s flexibility will be. 

Dr. Olson asked 12 volunteers to relax in the sauna for 10 -15 minutes, and then instructed them to perform some basic stretches in the sauna.  She compared the results of those same 12 people that performed the same stretches in a typical gym environment after a 10-15 minute relaxation period.  The results were a night and day difference. Stretching in the infrared sauna resulted in a 205% increase in flexibility!

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Dr. Richard Beever's study re: cardiovascular health & the beneficial effects for those with Type II Diabetes

Abstract To determine if far infrared saunas have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health in those with Type II Diabetes. 20-minute thrice weekly infrared sauna sessions, over a period of three months. 

 

Main Outcome Measures Weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure, HbgA1c, fasting blood glucose and cholesterol profile. Baseline study parameters were measured within one week prior to commencing sauna sessions. Post intervention measurements were collected between 1 and 3 days after the last sauna session.

 

Conclusion Infrared sauna use may be beneficial for lowering blood pressure and decreasing waist circumference but is not effective for lowering fasting blood sugar, HgA1c, cholesterol or triglyceride levels. Uptake of infrared saunas use is greater than the uptake of other lifestyle interventions.

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COMPRESSION THERAPY IN THE MEDIA

COMPRESSION THERAPY RESEARCH

Dynamic compression enhances pressure-to-pain threshold in elite athlete recovery
Abstract: “The purpose of this study was to assess peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) in reducing short-term pressure-to-pain threshold (PPT) among Olympic Training Center athletes after morning training. […] We conclude that PPDC is a promising means of accelerating and enhancing recovery after the normal aggressive training that occurs in Olympic and aspiring Olympic athletes.”

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Sequential gradient pneumatic compression enhances venous ulcer healing
Abstract “The treatment of venous ulcers has remained largely unchanged for centuries. The application of properly applied graduated compression bandages, the use of graduated compression stockings, and surgery have been shown to achieve healing. However, some ulcers persist despite appropriate management. A randomized study was undertaken to compare two regimens of treatment for such patients. Both regimens included ulcer debridement, cleaning, nonadherent dressing, and graduated compression stockings. In one regimen, sequential gradient intermittent pneumatic compression was applied for 4 hours each day. Only one of 24 patients in the control group had complete healing of all ulcers compared with 10 of 21 patients healed in the intermittent pneumatic compression group. The mediari rate of ulcer healing in the control group was 2.1% area per week compared to 19.8% area per week in the intermittent pneumatic compression group. The results indicate that sequential gradient intermittent pneumatic compression is beneficial in the treatment of venous ulcers.”

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Dynamic compression offered in chiropractic offices

Abstract External dynamic compression, squeezing the extremities and limbs to flush toxins out of tired, sore muscles is well known for its beneficial role in healing and recovery. So it’s no surprise then that pneumatic compression equipment – the kind pioneered by NormaTec – is showing up in more chiropractic offices.

This technology, which utilizes compressed-air sleeves attached to the limbs, was developed by vascular expert and NormaTec founder Dr. Laura P. Jacobs in the late 1990s as a non-invasive way to treat circulation-related disorders. Athletes soon discovered it and put it to work to massage sore muscles and relieve pain and stiffness. Now chiropractors are adding pneumatic compression to their service offering to better serve their patients.

Many practitioners, particularly those who cater to athletes, offer the therapy as a means of enhancing rehab efforts, improving athletic performance and speeding post-op recovery. And because the treatment increases bloodflow to affected areas, it also promotes tissue regeneration.

Compressed-air therapy even gives patients who aren’t hurt a reason to come to the office, since it can be offered as an injury-prevention measure, alleviating muscle tightness that can lead to injury. A tight calf muscle, for example, can place extra stress on the Achilles tendon, putting a person at risk of tendonitis.

To read the full article, click here.

Peristaltic pulse compression of the lower extremity enhances flexibility
Abstract: “This study investigated the effects of peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) on range-of-motion (ROM) changes in forward splits. […] PPDC provides a means of rapidly enhancing acute ROM requiring less discomfort and time.” 

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Peristaltic pulse compression up-regulates PGC-1A & eNOS in human muscle tissue
Abstract: “We investigated whether a single 60 min bout of whole-leg, lower pressure external pneumatic compression (EPC) altered select vascular, metabolic, antioxidant and inflammation-related mRNAs. […] An acute bout of EPC transiently up-regulates PGC-1α mRNA, while also up-regulating eNOS protein and NOx concentrations in vastus lateralis biopsy samples”

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Peripheral conduit & resistance artery function are improved following peristaltic pulse compression
Abstract: “The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of a single bout of peristaltic pulse EPC on peripheral conduit and resistance artery function. […] Acutely, whole limb, lower pressure EPC improves conduit artery endothelial function systemically, but only improves RH blood flow locally (i.e., compressed limbs).”

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